THE ROMAN DYNASTIES OF ROME & CONSTANTINOPLE

379AD-457 AD
THE Theodosian- DYNASTY
close ties between the preceding Valentinian Dynasty & THE CONTINUNING STRUGLES WITH THE BARBARIANS
Under Theodosius I, the Roman Empire was unified once more by defeating the usurper Eugenius – the last time it would be so. After his death, his sons and their followers reverted to the division between east and west . Honorius in the West and Arcadius in the East. The House of Theodosius was related to the Valentinian Dynasty by marriage, since Theodosius I had married Galla, a daughter of Valentinian I. Their daughter was Galla Placidia. The last emperor in the West belonging to the dynasty was Galla Placidia's son Valentinian III. The last emperor of the dynasty in the East was Marcian, who became emperor by marrying Pulcheria, the older sister of Theodosius II

 

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THEODOSIUS I 379-395 AD East

FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS AVGVSTVS
BORN 11 JANUARY 347 AD, CAUCA,HISPANIA
RULE 16 YEARS 1 JANUARY 379 AD – 17 JANUARY 395 AD

Appointed as Augustus for the east by Gratian after the death of Valens;
Became sole senior Augustus after death of Valentinian II

Natural causes
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THEODOSIUS I 379 -395 AD
BUSTS OF
THEODOSIUS I FROM :INSTANDBUL,

 

 

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EUGENIUS 392 - 394 AD West Usurper

FLAVIVS EUGRNIUS AVGVSTVS
BORN 377 AD, HISPANIA,
RULE 2YEARS 22 August 392 A.D. – 6 September 394 A.D.
The Frankish
Magister militum Arbogast proclaimed Eugenius emperor. Eugenius also represented the last opportunity for the pagans, with the senatorial class, to oppose the Christianization of the Empire
Theodosius met Eugenius and Arbogast in the Battle of the Frigidus
The bloody battle lasted two days, and was marked by unusual meteorological events

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EUGENIUS 392 -394 AD
COINS OF
EUGENIUS FROM MUSEUMS:ROME, I

 

 

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ARCADIUS 383 - 408 AD East

FLAVIVS ARCADIVS AVGVSTVS
BORN 377 AD, HISPANIA,
RULE 25 YEARS JANUARY 383 AD – 1 MAY, 408 AD
Son of Theodosius I; appointed as junior Augustus for the east by Theodosius in 383 (after the death of Gratian).
Became senior Augustus for the East after his father's death
Natural cause

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ARCADIUS 383 - 408 AD
BUSTS OF
ARCADIUS FROM MUSEUM IN :INSTANDBUL, berlin, ROME

 

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HONORIUS 393 AD - 423 AD West

CAESAR FLAVIVS HONORIVS AVGVSTVS
BORN 9 SEPTEMBER 384 AD
RULE 30 YEARS 23JANUARY 383 AD – 15 AUGUST, 423 AD
Son of Theodosius I; appointed as junior Augustus for the west by Theodosius in 393 (after the death of Valentinian II).
Became senior Augustus for the West after his father's death
.
Natural causes
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HONORIUS 393 - 423AD
BUSTS OF
HONORIUS FROM MUSEUMS IN :IROME,BRITISH MUSEUM

 

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THEODOSIUS II 402 AD -450 AD East

FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS AVGVSTVS
BORN 1O APRIL 401 AD, CONSTANTINOPLE
RULE 48 YEARS JANUARY 402 AD - 28 JULY 450 AD
Son of Arcadius; appointed as junior Augustus for the east by Arcadius in 402
Became senior Augustus for the east after his father's death
..
Natural causes
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THEODOSIUS II 402 - 450AD
BUSTS OF
THEODOSIUS II FROM MUSEUM: LOUVRE,

 

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CONSTANTINE III 407 AD -409 AD West Usurper

Flavius Claudius ConstantinusU surper
BORN ?
RULE 2 YEARS 407/409 AD - August or September 411 AD
Usurper who declared himself emperor in Britannia in 407 and established himself in Gaul
Recognized as co-emperor by Honorius
..
He was captured and executed by Constantius III
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CONSTANTINE III 407 - 409AD
COINS OF
CONSTANTINE III FROM MUSEUMS:,BRITISH MUSEUMI

 

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CONSTANTIUS III 421 AD - 421 AD West

FLAVIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS
BORN ? NAISSUS, MOESIA SUPERIOR
RULE 2 YEARS 8 FEBRUARY 421 AD – 2 SEPTEMBER 421 AD
Married to Theodosius I's daughter Galla Placidia, elevated to co-Augustus for the west by Honorius.
Natural causes
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CONSTANTIUS III 421 - 421 AD
COINS OF
CONSTANTIUS III FROM MUSEUMS:,ROMEI

 

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JOANNES 423 AD - 425 AD West

CAESAR FLAVIVS CONSTANTINVS VALERIVS AVGVSTVS
BORN ?
RULE 2 YEARS 27 AUGUST 423 AD - 1MAY 425 AD
A senior civil servant under Honorius, proclaimed emperor by Castinus; not recognized by the Eastern Empire
Natural causes
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JOANNES 423 - 425 AD
COINS OF
JOANNES FROM MUSEUMS:,ROMEI

 

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VALENTIN III 424 AD - 455 AD

FLAVIVS PLACIDIVS VALENTINIANVS AVGVSTVS
BORN 2 JULY 419 AD, RAVENNA ITALIA
RULE 31YEARS 23 OCTOBER 424 AD - 16 MARCH AD 455 AD
Son of Constantius III, appointed Caesar for the west by Theodosius II after the death of Honorius
in opposition to the Johannes; became Augustus for the west after the defeat of Johannes
.
.
Assassinated, possibly at the behest of Petronius Maximus
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VALENTIN III 424 - 455 AD
COINS OF
VALENTIN III FROM MUSEUMS:,ROMEI

 

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MARCIAN 450 AD - 457 AD

FLAVIVS MARCIANIVS AVGVSTVS
BORN 396 AD THRACE OR ILLYRIA
RULE 7 YEARS SUMMER 450 AD - JANUARY 457 AD
Chosen as consort as successor and husband by Pulcheria, sister of Theodosius II..
Natural cases

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marcian 450 - 457 AD
COINS OF
marcian FROM MUSEUMS:,ROMEI

 

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